Department of

Mathematics


Seminar Calendar
for Graph Theory and Combinatorics Seminar events the year of Monday, February 11, 2019.

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More information on this calendar program is available.
Questions regarding events or the calendar should be directed to Tori Corkery.
     January 2019          February 2019            March 2019     
 Su Mo Tu We Th Fr Sa   Su Mo Tu We Th Fr Sa   Su Mo Tu We Th Fr Sa
        1  2  3  4  5                   1  2                   1  2
  6  7  8  9 10 11 12    3  4  5  6  7  8  9    3  4  5  6  7  8  9
 13 14 15 16 17 18 19   10 11 12 13 14 15 16   10 11 12 13 14 15 16
 20 21 22 23 24 25 26   17 18 19 20 21 22 23   17 18 19 20 21 22 23
 27 28 29 30 31         24 25 26 27 28         24 25 26 27 28 29 30
                                               31                  

Tuesday, January 15, 2019

2:00 pm in 243 Altgeld Hall,Tuesday, January 15, 2019

Cut-edges and Regular Subgraphs in Odd-degree Regular Graphs

Douglas B. West (Zhejiang Normal University and University of Illinois)

Abstract: Hanson, Loten, and Toft proved that every $(2r+1)$-regular graph with at most $2r$ cut-edges has a $2$-factor. We generalize this by proving for $k\le(2r+1)/3$ that every $(2r+1)$-regular graph with at most $2r-3(k-1)$ cut-edges has a $2k$-factor. The restrictions on $k$ and on the number of cut-edges are sharp. We characterize the graphs with exactly $2r-3(k-1)+1$ cut-edges but no $2k$-factor. For $k>(2r+1)/3$, there are graphs without cut-edges that have no $2k$-factor. (Joint work with Alexandr V. Kostochka, Andr\'e Raspaud, Bjarne Toft, and Dara Zirlin.)

We determine the maximum guaranteed size of a $2$-regular subgraph in a $3$-regular $n$-vertex graph. In particular, we prove that every multigraph with maximum degree $3$ and exactly $c$ cut-edges has a $2$-regular subgraph that omits at most $(3n-2m+c-1)/2$ vertices (or $0$ for $3$-regular graphs without cut-edges). The bound is sharp; we describe the extremal multigraphs. (Joint work with Ilkyoo Choi, Ringi Kim, Alexandr V. Kostochka, and Boram Park.)

Tuesday, January 22, 2019

2:00 pm in 243 Altgeld Hall,Tuesday, January 22, 2019

Ordered and convex geometric trees with linear extremal function

Alexandr Kostochka (Illinois Math)

Abstract: The extremal functions $\text{ex}_{\rightarrow}(n,F)$ and $\text{ex}_{\circ}(n,F)$ for ordered and convex geometric acyclic graphs $F$ have been extensively investigated by a number of researchers. Basic questions are to determine when $\text{ex}_{\rightarrow}(n,F)$ and $\text{ex}_{\circ}(n,F)$ are linear in $n$, the latter posed by Brass-Károlyi-Valtr in 2003. In this talk, we answer both these questions for every tree $F$.

We give a forbidden subgraph characterization for a family $\mathcal{ T}$ of ordered trees with $k$ edges, and show that $\text{ex}_{\rightarrow}(n,T) = (k - 1)n - {k \choose 2}$ for all $n \geq k + 1$ when $T \in {\mathcal T}$ and $\text{ex}_{\rightarrow}(n,T) = \Omega(n\log n)$ for $T \not\in {\mathcal T}$. We also describe the family ${\mathcal T}'$ of the convex geometric trees with linear Turán number and show that for every convex geometric tree $F\notin {\mathcal T}'$, $\text{ex}_{\circ}(n,F)= \Omega(n\log \log n)$.

This is joint work with Zoltan Füredi, Tao Jiang, Dhruv Mubayi and Jacques Verstraëte.

Tuesday, January 29, 2019

2:00 pm in 243 Altgeld Hall,Tuesday, January 29, 2019

Eigenvalues and graph factors

Suil O (Stony Brook University)

Abstract: An (even or odd) $[a,b]$-factor is a spanning subgraph $H$ such that ($d_H(v)$ is even or odd respectively, and) $a \le d_H(v) \le b$ for all $v \in V(G)$. When $a=b=k$, it is called a $k$-factor.

In this talk, we give sharp conditions for a graph to have an even $[a,b]$-factor. For a positive integer $k$, we also prove a sharp lower bound for the spectral radius in an $n$-vertex graph to have a $k$-factor. Furthermore, we give a sharp lower bound for the third largest eigenvalue in an $n$-vertex $r$-regular graph to have odd $[1,b]$-factor.

This is joint work partly with Eun-Kyung Cho, Jongyoon Hyun, Jeongrae Park, and Douglas B. West.

Tuesday, February 5, 2019

2:00 pm in 243 Altgeld Hall,Tuesday, February 5, 2019

Fractalizers

Florian Pfender (University of Colorado Denver Math)

Abstract: A graph $H$ is a fractalizer if every graph $G$ maximizing the number of induced copies of $H$ is an iterated balanced blow-up of $H$. Fox, Hao and Lee, and independently Yuster, showed that almost every graph is a fractalizer considering random graphs. Nevertheless, no non-trivial explicit examples of fractalizers are known. We show that the cycle $C_5$ is almost a fractalizer, and conjecture that all longer cycles are fractalizers.

Tuesday, February 12, 2019

2:00 pm in 243 Altgeld Hall,Tuesday, February 12, 2019

On the number of edges in C_5-free 3-uniform hypergraphs

Dara Zirlin (Illinois Math)

Abstract: In a 3-uniform hypergraph, a Berge 5-cycle is formed by five distinct edges $e_1,\dots e_5$ and five distinct vertices $v_1,\dots, v_5$, such that $v_i,v_{i+1}\in e_i$, where indices count modulo 5.

In 2007, Bollobás and Györi gave upper bounds on the number of triangles in a $C_5$-free graph, and on the number of edges in a 3-uniform hypergraph containing no Berge 5-cycles.
We improve their second bound. This is joint work with Alexandr Kostochka.

Tuesday, February 19, 2019

2:00 pm in 243 Altgeld Hall,Tuesday, February 19, 2019

Small Doublings in Abelian Groups of Prime Power Torsion

Souktik Roy (Illinois Math)

Abstract: Let $A$ be a subset of $G$, where $G$ is a finite abelian group of torsion $r$. It was conjectured by Ruzsa that if $|A+A|\leq K|A|$, then $A$ is contained in a coset of $G$ of size at most $r^{CK}|A|$ for some constant $C$. The case $r=2$ received considerable attention in a sequence of papers, and was resolved by Green and Tao. Recently, Even-Zohar and Lovett settled the case when $r$ is a prime. In joint work with Yifan Jing (UIUC), we confirm the conjecture when $r$ is a power of prime.