Department of

# Mathematics

Seminar Calendar
for Special Colloquium events the year of Thursday, January 23, 2020.

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events for the
events containing

Questions regarding events or the calendar should be directed to Tori Corkery.
    December 2019           January 2020          February 2020
Su Mo Tu We Th Fr Sa   Su Mo Tu We Th Fr Sa   Su Mo Tu We Th Fr Sa
1  2  3  4  5  6  7             1  2  3  4                      1
8  9 10 11 12 13 14    5  6  7  8  9 10 11    2  3  4  5  6  7  8
15 16 17 18 19 20 21   12 13 14 15 16 17 18    9 10 11 12 13 14 15
22 23 24 25 26 27 28   19 20 21 22 23 24 25   16 17 18 19 20 21 22
29 30 31               26 27 28 29 30 31      23 24 25 26 27 28 29



Tuesday, January 21, 2020

4:00 pm in 245 Altgeld Hall,Tuesday, January 21, 2020

#### The Helly geometry of some Garside and Artin groups

###### Jingyin Huang   [email] (Ohio State University)

Abstract: Artin groups emerged from the study of braid groups and complex hyperplane arrangements, and they are connected to Coxeter groups, 3-manifold groups, buildings and many others. Artin groups have very simple presentation, yet rather mysterious geometry with many basic questions widely open. I will present a way of understanding certain Artin groups and Garside groups by building geometric models on which they act. These geometric models are non-positively curved in an appropriate sense, and such curvature structure yields several new results on the algorithmic, topological and geometric aspects of these groups. No previous knowledge on Artin groups or Garside groups is required. This is joint work with D. Osajda.

Wednesday, January 22, 2020

4:00 pm in 245 Altgeld Hall,Wednesday, January 22, 2020

#### Statistical reduced models and rigorous analysis for uncertainty quantification of turbulent dynamical systems

###### Di Qi   [email] (Courant Institute of Mathematical Sciences)

Abstract: The capability of using imperfect statistical reduced-order models to capture crucial statistics in turbulent flows is investigated. Much simpler and more tractable block-diagonal models are proposed to approximate the complex and high-dimensional turbulent flow equations. A rigorous statistical bound for the total statistical uncertainty is derived based on a statistical energy conservation principle. The systematic framework of correcting model errors is introduced using statistical response and empirical information theory, and optimal model parameters under this unbiased information measure are achieved in a training phase before the prediction. It is demonstrated that crucial principal statistical quantities in the most important large scales can be captured efficiently with accuracy using the reduced-order model in various dynamical regimes with distinct statistical structures.

Thursday, January 23, 2020

4:00 pm in 245 Altgeld Hall,Thursday, January 23, 2020

#### Semistable reduction in characteristic 0

###### Gaku Liu (Max Planck Institute for Mathematics in the Sciences)

Abstract: Semistable reduction is a relative generalization of the classical problem of resolution of singularities of varieties; the goal is, given a surjective morphism $f : X \to B$ of varieties in characteristic 0, to change $f$ so that it is "as nice as possible". The problem goes back to at least Kempf, Knudsen, Mumford, and Saint-Donat (1973), who proved a strongest possible version when $B$ is a curve. The key ingredient in the proof is the following combinatorial result: Given any $d$-dimensional polytope $P$ with vertices in $\mathbb{Z}^d$, there is a dilation of $P$ which can be triangulated into simplices each with vertices in $\mathbb{Z}^d$ and volume $1/d!$. In 2000, Abramovich and Karu proved, for any base $B$, that $f$ can be made into a weakly semistable morphism $f' : X' \to B'$. They conjectured further that $f'$ can be made semistable, which amounts to making $X'$ smooth. They explained why this is the best resolution of $f$ one might hope for. In this talk I will outline a proof of this conjecture. They key ingredient is a relative generalization of the above combinatorial result of KKMS. I will also discuss some other consequences in combinatorics of our constructions. This is joint work with Karim Adiprasito and Michael Temkin.

Friday, January 24, 2020

4:00 pm in 245 Altgeld Hall,Friday, January 24, 2020

#### Logical and geometric tameness over the real line.

###### Erik Walsberg (University of California, Irvine)

Abstract: There are now a number of important and well-understood examples of logically tame first order structures over the real numbers such as the ordered field of real numbers and the ordered field of real numbers equipped with the exponential function. In these examples subsets of Euclidean space which are (first order) definable are geometrically very well behaved. Recent research had yielded general theorems in this direction. I will discuss one result in this subject: A first order structure on the real line which expands the ordered vector space of real numbers and defines a closed set X such that the topological dimension of X is strictly less then the Hausdorff dimension of X defines every bounded Borel set. Informally: An expansion of the ordered real vector space which defines a fractal is maximally wild from the viewpoint of logic. Joint with Fornasiero and Hieronymi.

Monday, January 27, 2020

4:00 pm in 245 Altgeld Hall,Monday, January 27, 2020

#### A new approach to bounding L-functions

###### Jesse Thorner   [email] (University of Florida)

Abstract: Analytic number theory began with studying the distribution of prime numbers, but it has evolved and grown into a rich subject lying at the intersection of analysis, algebra, combinatorics, and representation theory. Part of its allure lies in its abundance of problems which are tantalizingly easy to state which quickly lead to deep mathematics, much of which revolves around the study of L-functions. These extensions of the elusive Riemann zeta function $\zeta(s)$ are generating functions with multiplicative structure arising from either arithmetic-geometric objects (like number fields or elliptic curves) or representation-theoretic objects (automorphic forms). Many equidistribution problems in number theory rely on one's ability to accurately bound the size of L-functions; optimal bounds arise from the (unproven!) Riemann Hypothesis for $\zeta(s)$ and its extensions to other L-functions. I will discuss some motivating problems along with recent work (joint with Kannan Soundararajan) which produces new bounds for L-functions by proving a suitable "statistical approximation" to the (extended) Riemann Hypothesis.