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Thursday, January 7, 2021

**Abstract:** We give a new interpretation of the shifted Littlewood-Richardson coefficients $f_{\lambda\mu}^\nu$ ($\lambda,\mu,\nu$ are strict partitions). The coefficients $g_{\lambda\mu}$ which appear in the decomposition of Schur $Q$-function $Q_\lambda$ into the sum of Schur functions $Q_\lambda = 2^{l(\lambda)}\sum\limits_{\mu}g_{\lambda\mu}s_\mu$ can be considered as a special case of $f_{\lambda\mu}^\nu$ (here $\lambda$ is a strict partition of length $l(\lambda)$). We also give another description for $g_{\lambda\mu}$ as the cardinal of a subset of a set that counts Littlewood-Richardson coefficients $c_{\mu^t\mu}^{\tilde{\lambda}}$. This new point of view allows us to establish connections between $g_{\lambda\mu}$ and $c_{\mu^t \mu}^{\tilde{\lambda}}$. More precisely, we prove that $g_{\lambda\mu}=g_{\lambda\mu^t}$, and $g_{\lambda\mu} \leq c_{\mu^t\mu}^{\tilde{\lambda}}$. We conjecture that $g_{\lambda\mu}^2 \leq c^{\tilde{\lambda}}_{\mu^t\mu}$ and formulate some conjectures on our combinatorial models which would imply this inequality if it is valid. Please email Colleen at cer2 (at) illinois (dot) edu for the Zoom ID and password.