Abstract: An L-space is a homology \(3\)-sphere whose Heegard-Floer homology has minimal rank; lens spaces are examples (hence the name). Results of Ozsváth - Szabó, Eliashberg -Thurston, and Kazez - Roberts show that a manifold admitting a taut, co-orientable foliation cannot be an L-space. Let us call such a manifold foliar. Ozsváth and Szabó have asked whether or not the converse is true for irreducible \(3\)-manifolds; Juhasz has conjectured that it is. Restricting attention to manifolds obtained by Dehn surgery on knots in \(S^3\), we posit the following: L-space Knot Conjecture. Suppose \( \kappa \subset S^3\) is a knot in the 3-sphere. Then a manifold obtained by Dehn filling along \(\kappa\) is foliar if and only if it is irreducible and not an L-space. Using generalized surface decomposition techniques that build on earlier work of Gabai, Menasco, Oertel, and the authors, we prove that both alternating knots and Montesinos Knots satisfy the L-space Knot Conjecture. We believe these techniques will prove fruitful in the further study of taut foliations in \(3\)-manifolds.